Cosmonautics. To Mars! For youth. (2017)

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After a year-long experiment with the participation of American astronauts, the Kelly twin brothers, one of whom spent a year on the ISS, and the other was observed here on Earth all this time, scientists came to the conclusion that in long-term space expeditions, the human body can get younger.

A person has been flying into orbit for more than half a century, however, scientists do not know everything about how space affects the body, and this is very important for flights to Mars and other planets.

In addition to the advantages of rejuvenation, there are many disadvantages in long-term expeditions: astronauts lose their eyesight in orbit, experience calcium deficiency and muscle atrophy.

But the main question is rather psychological, because astronauts miss not only their loved ones, but also their home planet as a whole.

However, all these issues can be solved.

The problem of cosmic radiation is still the most difficult.

Interview: Mikhail Kornienko, Valery Polyakov, Fedor Yurchikhin, psychologist of the Mars-500 project Olga Shevchenko, Vyacheslav Shurshakov.


Kornienko M.B. - pilot-cosmonaut, Hero of the Russian Federation.
Kelly S.D. is an American test pilot, NASA astronaut.
Polyakov V.V. - Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, pilot-cosmonaut, researcher, Hero of the Soviet Union, Hero of the Russian Federation.
Yurchikhin F.N. -- pilot-cosmonaut, Hero of the Russian Federation.
Shurshakov V.A. - Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Senior Researcher, Head of the Department, Head of the Radiation Safety Service of the Russian Academy of Sciences.



Space; Space programs